Author: Harshita Sao
As Kubernetes develops and matures, features may be deprecated, removed, or replaced with better ones for the project's overall health. Based on the information available at this point in the v1.27 release process, which is still ongoing and can introduce additional changes, this article identifies and describes some of the planned changes for the Kubernetes v1.27 release.
A note about the k8s.gcr.io redirect to registry.k8s.io
To host its container images, the Kubernetes project uses a community-owned image registry called registry.k8s.io. On March 20th, all traffic from the out-of-date k8s.gcr.io registry will be redirected to registry.k8s.io. The deprecated k8s.gcr.io registry will eventually be phased out.
What does this change mean?
If you are a subproject maintainer, you must update your manifests and Helm charts to use the new registry.
The v1.27 Kubernetes release will not be published to the old registry.
From April, patch releases for v1.24, v1.25, and v1.26 will no longer be published to the old registry.
We have a blog post with all the information about this change and what to do if it impacts you.
The Kubernetes API Removal and Deprecation process
The Kubernetes project has a well-documented deprecation policy for features. This policy states that stable APIs may only be deprecated when a newer, stable version of that same API is available and that APIs have a minimum lifetime for each stability level. A deprecated API has been marked for removal in a future Kubernetes release, it will continue to function until removal (at least one year from the deprecation), but usage will result in a warning being displayed. Removed APIs are no longer available in the current version, at which point you must migrate to using the replacement.
Generally available (GA) or stable API versions may be marked as deprecated but must not be removed within a major version of Kubernetes.
Beta or pre-release API versions must be supported for 3 releases after the deprecation.
Alpha or experimental API versions may be removed in any release without prior deprecation notice.
Whether an API is removed as a result of a feature graduating from beta to stable or because that API simply did not succeed, all removals comply with this deprecation policy. Whenever an API is removed, migration options are communicated in the documentation.
API removals, and other changes for Kubernetes v1.27
The CSIStorageCapacity API supports exposing currently available storage capacity via CSIStorageCapacity objects and enhances the scheduling of pods that use CSI volumes with late binding. The
storage.k8s.io/v1beta1 API version of CSIStorageCapacity was deprecated in v1.24, and it will no longer be served in v1.27.
Migrate manifests and API clients to use the
storage.k8s.io/v1 API version, available since v1.24. All existing persisted objects are accessible via the new API.
Refer to the Storage Capacity Constraints for Pod Scheduling KEP for more information.
Kubernetes v1.27 is not removing any other APIs; however several other aspects are going
to be removed. Read on for details.
Support for deprecated seccomp annotations
In Kubernetes v1.19, the seccomp (secure computing mode) support graduated to General Availability (GA). This feature can be used to increase the workload security by restricting the system calls for a Pod (applies to all containers) or single containers.
The support for the alpha seccomp annotations
container.seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io were deprecated since v1.19, now have been completely removed. The seccomp fields are no longer auto-populated when pods with seccomp annotations are created. Pods should use the corresponding pod or container
securityContext.seccompProfile field instead.
Removal of several feature gates for volume expansion
The following feature gates for volume expansion GA features will be removed and must no longer be referenced in
- Enable expanding of CSI volumes.
- Enable expanding in-use PVCs.
- Enable expanding of persistent volumes.
--master-service-namespace command line argument
The kube-apiserver accepts a deprecated command line argument,
--master-service-namespace, that specified where to create the Service named
to represent the API server.
Kubernetes v1.27 will remove that argument, which has been deprecated since the v1.26 release.
Removal of the
ControllerManagerLeaderMigration feature gate
Leader Migration provides a mechanism in which HA clusters can safely migrate "cloud-specific" controllers between the
kube-controller-manager and the
cloud-controller-manager via a shared resource lock between the two components while upgrading the replicated control plane.
ControllerManagerLeaderMigration feature, GA since v1.24, is unconditionally enabled and for the v1.27 release the feature gate option will be removed. If you're setting this feature gate explicitly, you'll need to remove that from command line arguments or configuration files.
--enable-taint-manager command line argument
The kube-controller-manager command line argument
--enable-taint-manager is deprecated, and will be removed in Kubernetes v1.27. The feature that it supports, taint based eviction,
is already enabled by default and will continue to be implicitly enabled when the flag is removed.
--pod-eviction-timeout command line argument
The deprecated command line argument
--pod-eviction-timeout will be removed from the
Removal of the
CSI Migration feature gate
The CSI migration programme allows
moving from in-tree volume plugins to out-of-tree CSI drivers. CSI migration is generally available since Kubernetes v1.16, and the associated
CSIMigration feature gate will be removed in v1.27.
CSIInlineVolume feature gate
The CSI Ephemeral Volume feature allows CSI volumes to be specified directly in the pod specification for ephemeral use cases. They can be used to inject arbitrary states, such as configuration, secrets, identity, variables or similar information, directly inside pods using a mounted volume. This feature graduated to GA in v1.25. Hence, the feature gate
CSIInlineVolume will be removed in the v1.27 release.
EphemeralContainers feature gate
Ephemeral containers graduated to GA in v1.25. These are containers with a temporary duration that executes within namespaces of an existing pod. Ephemeral containers are typically initiated by a user in order to observe the state of other pods and containers for troubleshooting and debugging purposes. For Kubernetes v1.27, API support for ephemeral containers is unconditionally enabled; the
EphemeralContainers feature gate will be removed.
LocalStorageCapacityIsolation feature gate
The Local Ephemeral Storage Capacity Isolation feature moved to GA in v1.25. The feature provides support for capacity isolation of local ephemeral storage between pods, such as
emptyDir volumes, so that a pod can be hard limited in its consumption of shared resources. The kubelet will evicting Pods if consumption of local ephemeral storage exceeds the configured limit. The feature gate,
LocalStorageCapacityIsolation, will be removed in the v1.27 release.
NetworkPolicyEndPort feature gate
The v1.25 release of Kubernetes promoted
endPort in NetworkPolicy to GA. NetworkPolicy providers that support the
endPort field that can be used to specify a range of ports to apply a NetworkPolicy. Previously, each NetworkPolicy could only target a single port. So the feature gate
NetworkPolicyEndPort will be removed in this release.
Please be aware that
endPort field must be supported by the Network Policy provider. If your provider does not support
endPort, and this field is specified in a Network Policy, the Network Policy will be created covering only the port field (single port).
StatefulSetMinReadySeconds feature gate
For a pod that is part of a StatefulSet, Kubernetes can mark the Pod ready only if Pod is available (and passing checks) for at least the period you specify in
minReadySeconds. The feature became generally available in Kubernetes v1.25, and the
StatefulSetMinReadySeconds feature gate will be locked to true and removed in the v1.27 release.
IdentifyPodOS feature gate
You can specify the operating system for a Pod, and the feature support for that is stable since the v1.25 release. The
IdentifyPodOS feature gate will be removed for Kubernetes v1.27.
DaemonSetUpdateSurge feature gate
The v1.25 release of Kubernetes also stabilised surge support for DaemonSet pods, implemented in order to minimize DaemonSet downtime during rollouts. The
DaemonSetUpdateSurge feature gate will be removed in Kubernetes v1.27.
The official list of API removals planned for Kubernetes v1.29 includes:
flowcontrol.apiserver.k8s.io/v1beta2 API version of FlowSchema and PriorityLevelConfiguration will no longer be served in v1.29.
Want to know more?
Deprecations are announced in the Kubernetes release notes. You can see the announcements of pending deprecations in the release notes for:
We will formally announce the deprecations that come with Kubernetes v1.27 as part of the CHANGELOG for that release.
For information on the process of deprecation and removal, check out the official Kubernetes deprecation policy document.https://kubernetes.io/blog/2023/03/17/upcoming-changes-in-kubernetes-v1-27/